Christian mission fields in the Netherlands Indies, early 20th century

Further reading


Aritonang, Jan S., and Karel A. Steenbrink, A history of Christianity in Indonesia. Leiden: Brill, 2008.

Hoekema, Alle, Dutch Mennonite mission in Indonesia: historical essays.  Elkhart IN: Institute of Mennonite Studies, 2001.

Kipp, Rita Smith, The early years of a Dutch colonial mission: the Karo field. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1990.

Die Rheinische Mission in Borneo (Kalimantan/Indonesien), 1834-1925. Wuppertal: Schriftarchiv / Archiv- und Museumsstiftung, 2008.

Schwagerl, Anton, ‘German missions in the Dutch colonial sphere', in Southeast Asia and the Germans. Tubingen & Basle: Horst Erdmann, 1977, pp.91-105.


Map number from Cribb, Historical Atlas of Indonesia (2000)


Year span

1900 - 1920