Religious division of Ambon, 2001


On 12 February 2002, representatives of the rival communities signed an agreement in the Sulawesi town of Malino agreeing to stop the violence. The agreement followed a similar agreement to end violence in Central Sulawesi and was thus known as Malino II. Under the agreement, the two sides agreed to respect each other’s culture and religions, to reject external interference, to surrender weapons and to allow the repatriation of displaced persons.  In April suspected Laskar Jihad elements attacked the Christian village of killing twelve Christians in what was seen as an attempt to derail the agreement. The Laskar Jihad, however, officially disbanded after the Bali nightclub bombings of 12 October 2002.

Further reading

Crouch, Harold, Political Reform in Indonesia after Soeharto (Singapore: ISEAS, 2010).
Klinken, Gerry van, ‘The Maluku Wars: Bringing Society Back In’, Indonesia 71 (April 2001), pp. 1-26.

Year span

2001 - 2001